We are already in 2021 and the technology is evolving day by day. Gone are the days when operating a website (or even a computer) required in-depth and specific knowledge of web development.
Today, creating and launching a new web page is like choosing a website builder, a domain name, and reliability Web hosting plan.
However, the latter is essential to your success.
The right provider will not only ensure that you have a well-suited environment for your online project, but they can also help secure it. Cybersecurity reports describe a growing number of cyber attacks and unveil statistics regarding potential dangers to our websites.
The current state of cybersecurity
The number of websites around the world continues to grow exponentially, as does the incitement of attackers to attempt to breach them. The reasons are countless – profit, spying on competitors, security testing. Some attackers even do it for fun, just to prove they can.
According to statistics for 2020, data breaches caused the disclosure of more than 36 billion records in the first half of the year. Then you have the growing number of malware and virus threats, increasing pressure on critical industries like banking and healthcare, new strategies like ransomware.
the pandemic didn’t help either. As more and more people worked from home behind their screens, hackers were more active than ever. In fact, the number of cybercrime has increased by 600% over the past year and a half.
Defending your website from hackers now involves complex strategies that must protect your premises from all kinds of dangers.
Here are some of the most popular tools among the hacking community.
Common cybersecurity issues
We have to get one thing early on. Even though there are hundreds of different ways for a hacker to enter our premises, over 90% of successful attempts are still the result of our own mistakes.
More and more businesses are recognizing the growing threats, but the majority of webmasters are still way behind when it comes to securing passwords, hosting accounts and their site itself.
This is just great news for hackers. Relying on your weak security, they can besiege your website with a plethora of methods.
Malware – this is a general term that encompasses all kinds of malicious practices aimed at damaging your computer, website or server. Common types of malware include viruses, Trojans, worms, spyware, ransomware, adware, and many more.
Malicious files can disrupt your system in several ways. Some are designed to retrieve private information from the breached account. Others deny administrative access to essential components, effectively blocking you from accessing your own system. There are even those who just want to wipe out or destroy whatever they can infect.
Phishing – one of the fastest growing types of attacks. Hackers use phishing when they want to appear as a legitimate entity, depriving unsuspecting victims of their personal information.
Phishing attacks often occur through emails or social media messages, masquerading as banking institutions, telecommunications, or government authorities. They will prompt you to update some vital information by redirecting you to a seemingly legitimate page. In reality, you will only be giving the hackers your current private information.
Phishing attacks can also take different forms like whaling, spear phishing, pharming, etc.
DOS and DDoS attacks – DOS stands for denial of service and represents a type of attack where the attacker aims to overload the server, emptying it of its available system resources. The system gradually slows down until it becomes completely inoperative.
When we talk about Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, we are describing the process of the hacker using multiple infected machines to explode traffic to the server. Again, the idea is to deactivate your server and possibly launch other attacks afterwards.
Common types of DOS and DDOS threats are botnets, TCP SYN flood, and ping-of-death.
SQL injection – this is a popular way for hackers to insert malicious code and force it to reveal private user and administrator data. The injections affect the server’s query language (SQL), so you can have sufficient control over the machine. Comment and search fields are often ideal targets for SQL injection attacks.
Password attacks – in the end, our weak passwords remain the most frequent cause of our hacker problems. People still use simple, easy-to-guess login credentials based on their memorization, but this opens a huge door for unauthorized attackers to enter.
Brute force and dictionary attacks are two popular methods of breach, and once hackers get your password, it’ll navigate smoothly to all of your data.
What can you do for your cybersecurity?
The situation may seem grim, but luckily there is a lot that you can do to minimize the above risks, maybe even eliminate them altogether. Consider one of the following:
- Setting up a firewall
- Optimize your website code
- Use of secure software and plugins
- Changing Your Admin Username and Login URL
- Using two-factor authentication (2FA)
- Keep your own computer secure
- Activation of a password management tool
And then, of course, you’ve got your hosting provider right in the middle of it.
A trusted host applies multiple layers of security before even hosting your account – on data centers, network, server machines. Ensuring that the environment is completely safe before customers land there will only leave users with their own safety responsibilities.
To go further, companies like Scala accommodation develop internal solutions to better protect customers against malware and spam. SShield, for example, is an AI-based security monitoring tool that detects over 99.998% of web attacks, completely free to all Managed VPS users.
Speaking of virtual servers, opting for such a plan will remove all the obstacles that come with the standard shared hosting environment. A VPS will allow you full control over your hosting account, so you can configure your security measures to perfection.
Think long term
Today’s website owners have more than a few cybersecurity issues to figure out. Incentives for hackers are becoming increasingly lucrative, and even non-commercial ventures are not out of danger. Choosing a secure host and following the best practices is a good start, but make sure you always have a detailed strategy to avoid problems down the road.