Understanding the Web Development Process – The Nuts and Bolts

The website you see in your browser isn’t just about how it looks. Design is important, but the whole web development process involves a lot. If you are only talking about the design phase, the important part is the user experience. No matter how shiny and scintillating the website is, if the user isn’t able to get things done with a few clicks or it’s hard to find something they’re looking for, you need to rethink the UX with UI. Likewise, the backend is a whole new world to deal with and then there is the content, SEO, and best practices to keep the website going so that it stays relevant and up to date based on the service it provides. In this article, we’re going to discuss the entire web development process with a focus on the nuts and bolts needed to create the frontend, backend, and the phases involved.

The general web development process

If you want to build your own website, the first thing you need to do is create it. You will have to think about its purpose, the target audience, the benefits it will bring. This is necessary because you need to know what you are building and if you are hiring someone to build it for you, the details should be presented as clearly as possible. This is from a “customer” point of view. From a developer’s perspective, the phases are divided into the following categories:

Customer need

As mentioned in the previous paragraph, this phase consists of gathering the requirements. It involves questions like the purpose of the website, the users, their IT environment, the type of website – news-based, messaging app, games, booking service or maybe something. scientist like alpha wolfram. It’s not always the case that the customer asks you to build something from scratch, maybe the requirement may be to add a little functionality to an already existing website. This phase also involves discussing the cost of the entire project and the time required to complete it. The two parties finally come to an agreement and the real work begins.

Research and analysis

Once the requirements are gathered, the development team embarks on some research work and discusses the tools needed to create the website if everything is to be prepared from scratch. If an already existing web application needs to be rewired or if some functionality needs to be added to it, their research involves understanding the code structure of the existing application and how they can code the new functionality.


This is an extremely important phase because without proper documentation including requirements specifications and details regarding the tools needed to create the website, it becomes difficult for the developers to work effectively. Appropriate development lifecycle methodologies should be used so that everything is developed and revised in a timely manner.


As we mentioned in the opening paragraph, the design shouldn’t be limited to how the website looks, but how the entire structure of the app has been framed. There is a famous quote from Steve Jobs: “Design is not just what it looks like and what it looks like. Design is how it works.This phase includes the design of the front end which obviously involves the look and feel and the interactivity of the website. It also involves designing the backend of the app. This involves deciding on the structure of the database, the flow of data throughout the application, as well as the wiring of the smaller modules that make up the entire web application.


Once the requirements are gathered, the design and the tools to be used have been decided, then comes the development phase which involves the real work of the developers. The development phase, as the name suggests, is the coding phase. Developers write code to create modules that ultimately become the desired web application. The development phase also included the software development lifecycle process that almost all companies go through to review work progress.

Testing and deployment

If you develop software, bugs will follow. In order to guarantee the quality of the code, tests are necessary. Different types of tests measure the performance, functionality, and usability of code. The quality analysts are those who participate in the different stages of the test and once they give a green signal for the proper functioning of the web application, the application is ready to be deployed in production mode.

Maintenance and updates

This phase is also known as the post-deployment phase. Maintenance may involve fixing postproduction bugs and adding new features, but this may involve adding additional costs depending on the length of the contract and the terms of the agreement between the client and the team. development. Once the web application is live in the real world, the next steps are to update it for higher rankings in the search results of various search engines.

Now that we have an overview of the general web development process, let’s take a deep dive into the inner workings of the web application interface and backend.

The nuts and bolts that go into the front-end of the web application

The front end of a web application is the part you see and interact with. The core technologies involved in building the front-end include HTML, CSS, and JAVASCRIPT. HTML describes the structure of the content and CSS is used to make the web application look pretty. JavaScript, on the other hand, is a very handy programming language that is used to make the web application more dynamic and interactive. There are many frameworks for creating the front end of a web application that make life a lot easier for developers. The most popular are React, Angular, and Vue, and the majority of new web apps have been written using these tools. The older ones that rely on vanilla JavaScript are also upgraded to newer frameworks as the maintenance and structure of the code gets pretty neat, as frameworks have their own way of defining things, they follow certain design patterns.

The nuts and bolts that go into the backend of the web application

The backend of the web application consists of server-side scripts and databases that tie together the “data” part of the application. The main technology stack is to write scripts to manage APIs, use operating system resources, create web servers that serve data to the web application front-end, and create services that other applications consume. . Technologies used in backend development include Python, Java, .NET, Node.js, Go, or PHP. There are also backend frameworks that come with out-of-the-box tools and make the development process easier. Django and Flask are popular python frameworks used in web development.

The gist of this article is to provide you with a general overview of the web development process and the specific technologies used to wire the different modules. Usually, the front-end part of the application is developed by a separate team of front-end developers and the back-end part is developed by a team of back-end developers. Some companies prefer full stack developers who can handle both worlds so that they can eliminate the so-called communication gap between full stack and backend developers. A few things to keep in mind when assigning a project to a company or a team of developers include cost of development, time, communication, best practices that developers follow.

James S. Joseph